1989-01-01 · HETEROCHRONY AS AN ALTERNATIVE TO SPECIES SELECTION IN THE GENERATION OF PHYLETIC TRENDS by ANTHONY HALLAM* ABSTRACT RI~SUMI~ Phyletic trends can be accounted for by anagene- sis or cladogenesis in conjunction with species selec- tion or effect macroevolution.
s peciation via floral heterochrony and presumed mycorrhizal host switching of endemic butterfly orchids on 1the azorean archipelago r ichard m b ateman 2,8 p aula j r udall 2 m artin i b idartondo 2,3 s alvatore c ozzolino 4 , v alentina t ranchida-lombardo 5 m ark a c arine 6 and m Ónica m oura 7 Speciation via floral heterochrony and presumed mycorrhizal host switching of endemic Butterfly-orchids on the Azorean archipelago June 2014 American Journal of Botany 101(6) Heterochrony is known as a developmental change in the timing or rate of ontogenetic events across phylogenetic lineages. It is a key concept synthesizing development into ecology and evolution to explore the mechanisms of how developmental processes impact on phenotypic novelties. heterochrony are the same as for the rate and timing heterochrony, that is the growth rate and timing in the on- and offset of growth. In both of the different views of heterochrony the outcome is a shift in an event or in the growth rate that lead to a change from an ancestor to the descendant. This can lead to Heterochrony in speciation events: asexuals seem to go faster .
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Part B - molecular and developmental evolution, 306B(2), pp. 168-176. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley-Liss 10.1002/jez.b.21083 Differences in diet and possibly in feeding mode are believed to have caused these phenotypic changes. Phenotypic plasticity is described in terms of a qualitative model of heterochrony in which phenotypic change in morphology is explained as retardation of the normal developmental rate.
ex., populations on 2 sides of a newly formed mt.
This relationship between genetic and developmental dissimilarity is consistent with there being a genetic basis for variation in developmental timing and so suggests that intraspecific heterochrony could provide the raw material for natural selection to produce speciation.
306B • Heterochrony involves a shift in the timing of developmental processes so an event occurs earlier, later, or at a different rate in a taxon compared to its ancestor. 8 (Leonard & James, 1993) Embryonic development and stripe patterns of the zebras Equus burchelli (top) and grevyi (bottom). Illustration drawn by Carole B. 9.
Phenotypic plasticity and heterochrony in Cichlasoma managuense (Pisces: Cichlidae) and their implications for speciation in cichlid ï¬ shes. Evolution 41:1357â 1369. â â â . 1990. Morphometrics and allometry in the trophically polymorphic cichlid ï¬ sh, Cichlasoma citrinellum: alternative adaptations and ontogenetic changes in shape.
A clear fossil example Heterochrony is one process that may cause variation in the phenotype of organisms (Gould 1977, McKinney & McNamara 1991). The term heterochrony was first used by Ernst Haeckel (1875) to refer to temporal shifts in appearance of different organs during embryonic development within the same organism. In other words, it was the sequences of the with predictions from models of heterochrony by paedomorphosis and speciation by a foun- der event. Received 25 August 1989, accepted 28 April 1990. HETEROCHRONY (i.e.
It is a key concept synthesizing development into ecology and evolution to explore the mechanisms of how developmental processes impact on phenotypic novelties. Li and Johnston 2000 (cited under Heterochrony in Plants: General Overviews) is a review of the literature through the 20th century on heterochrony in plants. Two works, Raff 1996 and Hall 1998 , present a general overview of evolutionary developmental biology, placing heterochrony within that broader context. Lethaia, 9: 245-259. HALLAM A. 1978 - How rare is phyletic gradualism?
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Hallam, A. 1998. Speciation patterns and trends in the fossil record. Geobios 30: 921–930.
Published by Elsevier GmbH.
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Cichlid fishes in African rift lakes have undergone rapid speciation, resulting in “species flocks” with more than 300 endemic species in some of the lakes. Most researchers assume that there is little phenotypic variation in cichlid fishes. I report here extensive phenotypic plasticity in a Neotropical cichlid species. I examined the influence of diet on trophic morphology during ontogeny
heterochrony Repeat intercontinental dispersal and Pleistocene speciation in disjunct Mediterranean and desert Senecio (Asteraceae). Coming of age in Fringillid birds - heterochrony in the ontogeny of secondary Speciation in birds - a complete picture2002Ingår i: Journal of Evolutionary Heterochrony--changes in developmental timing, producing parallels between Gould argues that the primary evolutionary value of heterochrony may lie in immediate I used it in my studies about neandertals: the speciation problem. Suppose (as must often happen) that developmental heterochrony produces a each speciation event has an equal probability of leading either to greater or to ecological speciation by the combination of field studies and experiments, particularly in the fields of morphometric heterochrony and comparative behaviour. Plasticity and Heterochrony in Cichlasoma Managuense (Pisces, Cichlidae) and their Implications for Speciation in Cichlid Fishes" Evolution, Sammanfattning : A critical step in ecological speciation is the development of reproductive isolation.
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Mass turnover and heterochrony events in response to physical change Elisabeth S. Vrba lationship to speciation to encompass large numbers of lineages of diverse taxonomic background. The second topic ties together Gould's themes of punctuated macroevolution and heterochrony.
Heterochrony refers to an alteration in time, or a change in order, of one or more events. There are various types of heterochronic alterations. For example, paedomorphosis describes a condition in which the timing of sexual maturity is altered (compared to the parental group). Patterson's Recognition Concept of Species has profound implications for the way we analyze the process of species formation. It emphasizes absolute rather than relativistic mechanisms, and concentrates on adaptive processes within population isolates rather than competitive exclusion or competition.
2003-05-01 · Heterochrony has been identified as the most common mode of speciation in virtually all lineages (Gould, 1977, McNamara, 1995, McNabb and Wilson, 1997, Yeh, 2002), although how these changes are implemented is still unclear.
Allometric Growth. Many animals undergo isometric growth as they mature from new hatchling to adult. This means that all the body parts grow at Sep 9, 2013 Explore more at http://www.birdsofparadiseproject.org.There is a dizzying diversity of species on our planet. From genetic evidence we know Jul 16, 2018 ancestral characters is known as heterochrony. (sensu de the role of heterochrony in evolution, the fos- resulting in directional speciation.
1989-01-01 Phylogenetic heterochrony can be perceived in how distantly related pairs of sister species are, in the rate of diversification events through time of specific clades, and … PHENOTYPIC PLASTICITY AND HETEROCHRONY IN CICHLASOMA MANAGUENSE (PISCES, CICHLIDAE) AND THEIR IMPLICAnONS FOR SPECIAnON IN CICHLID FISHES AXEL MEYER Museum ofVertebrate Zoology and Department ofZoology, University ofCalifornia, Berkeley, CA 94720 Abstract.- Cichlid fishes in African rift lakes have undergone rapidspeciation, resulting in "species phenotypic plasticity and heterochrony in cichlasoma managuense (pisces, cichlidae) and their implications for speciation in cichlid fishes Axel Meyer Museum of Vertebrate Zoology and Department of Zoology, University of California, Berkeley, CA, 94720 • Premise of the study: Most orchid species native to the Macaronesian islands reflect immigration from western Europe or North Africa followed by anagenesis. The only putative exception is the butterfly orchids (Platanthera) of the Azores, where three species apparently reflect at least one cladogenetic speciation event.